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Debian 4.0 out

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A few months ago Etch was freezed now it has been officially released as Debian 4.0

These are the release notes and among the new changes I found:

  • PHP5.x
  • MySQL 5.x
  • Apache 2.2.x
  • GCC v4.1
  • from XFree86 to X.org v7.1

Updating

Fist of all install aptitude
apt-get install aptitude

I used to have Debian Sarge 64 that is a semi official backport , now Etch is shipped with amd64 architecture too so the backport is not needed anymore. Updating is not difficult , one should change all “sarge” to “etch” in /etc/apt/sources.list, mine look like this


deb ftp://mirror.switch.ch/mirror/debian/ etch main contrib non-free
#deb http://www.backports.org/debian sarge-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/ stable/updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://http.us.debian.org/debian stable main contrib non-free
deb-src http://non-us.debian.org/debian-non-US stable/non-US main contrib non-free
# TOR
deb http://mirror.noreply.org/pub/tor etch main
deb-src http://mirror.noreply.org/pub/tor etch main

the “www.backports” line is comments out because etch hit stable just today. Backports are binaries compiled for etch and shipped for sarge, sometime you can’t install a package because it misses a dependency but you can run it because it doesn’t miss any dependency while it runs, hence that backports that let me use the latest mldonkey with sarge for example.

Then


apt-get update
aptitude -f --with-recommends dist-upgrade

Note that aptitude was used rather that apt-get dist upgrade because is known to be more strict on dependencies that apt-get dist-upgrade, installing aptitude here as docs say will bring in lots of other packages.
I hope that etch will be as good as sarge , for me sarge never hanged once in its life, the only problem I had was a that a couple of deamons used to exit silently after a couple of weeks running . Hopefully etch comes with a version of shorewall that is able to handle traffic shaping.

2 cents about gentoo : I love gentoo and I have no intention to change my desktop distro …but debian management is damn faster… I remeber last Gcc major upgrade , rebuilding the the system and then the world , emerge breaking during night, a couple of days compiling vs 20 min of debs fetching in debian.

Edit:
Squid and Shorewall have new configurations:

  • Squid: ( ola ola Christian )delete these lineshttpd_accel_host virtual
    httpd_accel_port 80
    httpd_accel_with_proxy on
    httpd_accel_uses_host_header on
    and add this always_direct allow all.Now look for http_port X.X.X.X and add “transparent” the result should be something like this:http_port 192.168.1.2:8080 transparent
  • Shorewall: have a look at /usr/share/doc/shorewall/examples . Now the file “zones” must contain the firewall zone, there are no comments and no display any more so in the end you should find something like this:net ipv4
    loc ipv4
    fw firewall

    ipv4 is the default for normail traffic

Written by gas

aprile 9th, 2007 at 2:19 pm

Posted in English,Generale,Linux

Tagged with , , ,

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